Why Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14th September, history and importance (Hindi Diwas history, importance in hindi) 2021
India is recognized as a country of diversities, where along with geographical diversity in different provinces, many colors of dress, culture and language are also mixed. Devanagari script has emerged from India itself, which is said to be the mother of all languages. But Sanskrit language is considered among the oldest languages of India , although Hindi has also originated from Sanskrit, but there is also evidence related to some ancient languages like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam in India, hence the prevalence of Hindi. It is natural to be lacking.
The geography of India since ancient times has also been such that the Himalayan mountain range, the plains and the plateau of the south had divided the country into many parts in such a way that it was difficult for different cultures to mix with each other, so it was natural. There are language differences in the country. However, during the period of Ramayana/Mahabharata, there is evidence of having only one language Sanskrit in the whole of India. But in the later years, the evidence of the dominance of regional languages comes to the fore, after that foreign invaders also brought their language with them, in which Urdu first and later English made the maximum place. So finally at the time of independence And if we assess the conditions after that, then the need of any one language was felt to reduce the linguistic diversity prevailing in this country under the then circumstances, then it was the only Hindi language, which was declared as the official language in the Constitution of independent India. rated. Although the popularity of this language and the excess of practicality is effectively seen in North India, but it has got this honor only in view of the hidden possibilities in it.
The Constitution of India gave a place to Hindi with respect, but some efforts were felt to implement the rules related to it. In such a situation, it became necessary to celebrate Hindi Diwas while improving the condition of Hindi among the common people. But it is very important to know that what is the constitutional status of Hindi?
According to Article 120, Hindi should be used in Parliament, in Article 210 also, rules related to Hindi have been made in the Legislative Assembly. According to Article 343, the official language of the Union will be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals. Apart from all this, some rules have been laid down in favor of Hindi in the constitution.
Why is Hindi Divas celebrated? (Why it celebrated reason )
Hindi was the language which had united the freedom struggle revolutionaries of India in one thread. At a time when regional languages had an important place in literature, then the revolution of change started by the writers of Hindi, Indian history can never be forgotten. And the beginning of the 19th century was the most important time for Hindi writers to come into the mainstream. Bhartendu Harishchandra, Nirala, Munshi Premchand , Harivansh Rai BachchanThere are few who have given a new dimension to Hindi literature. Even after independence, the names kept on increasing in this list. In such a situation, it was natural for Hindi to find a place in the Constitution. That is why in 1949, when the Constituent Assembly was taking important decisions related to the Constitution, on 14 September 1949, Hindi language was given the status of official language. For this reason, the practice of celebrating this day as “Hindi Day” every year started, and then no one even dreamed that this day would work like oxygen for the recognition and respect of Hindi.
Although this day is still celebrated with great enthusiasm, but there are many questions with it, whose answers are discovered every year, every year from Parliament to the media and common people in villages and cities, this debate remains a topic of debate. that ” are Hindi Day celebrated why?? In which the most important doubts are in the context of Hindi being the national language or the official language. In fact, Hindi was declared as the official language not the national language of India, which means that the official language here is Hindi. On January 13, 2010, the Gujarat High Court had also held in an order that Hindi is the official language of the country while it is considered as the national language, while there is no such provision in the record in which it is written that it is the national language of the country. . Apart from celebrating Hindi Day on 14 September, World Hindi Day is also celebrated on 10 January to recognize Hindi literature at the world level. It is indeed a matter of pride to get this honor for Hindi language at the world level. The purpose of celebrating World Hindi Day despite Hindi DayTo create an environment in favor of Hindi literature all over the world and to present this language as representative from India’s side. This is the reason why special events are organized on this day in foreign countries too. In fact the World-Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur on 10 January 1975. Therefore, on January 10, 2006, the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced to celebrate this day as World Hindi Day.
When is Hindi Diwas in 2021? (Hindi diwas in 2021)
In 2021 also Hindi Diwas will be celebrated on 14 September like every year. Apart from organizing the official program at Rashtrapati Bhavan, it will also be celebrated in various educational, non-educational institutions of the country. On this occasion, competitions for poetry, essay, story writing can be organized by government and non-government organizations, so that the foundation for literature can be strengthened. Poetry recitation and singing of songs, organizing plays can also be a way of celebrating this day. But above all, what is needed the most is to give respect to Hindi from official and formal programs to common-life.
Importance of Hindi Diwas
Hindi speaking nation whose name itself is Hindustan, why would there be a need to celebrate Hindi Diwas here?? The answer to this question can be explained only by understanding the importance of Hindi Diwas. In fact, today 55% of the population in India does not communicate in Hindi, does not use Hindi in any medium, whether written or oral, even in many provinces, there is no Hindi language curriculum from primary education to college level. There are no places. In fact, the importance of education in the regional language was already there in the country , although these languages lost their importance after the arrival of the British, when the common people understood that it was necessary to communicate with the world outside the country. Need to learn English language , not Hindi or regional languageSo, English started making its place rapidly. Because till then all foreign literature, knowledge and science books were also available in English only. For those who also had knowledge of English was necessary. In such a situation, in many parts of the country, English was able to achieve the status of the first language, and where it could not, it remained in second place. And in this way the need for Hindi in these parts was reduced to a minimum. In such a situation, to keep Hindi at a normal level in today’s circumstances, it becomes very necessary to organize such a day. Its importance increases when English and Urdu have strengthened their feet in literary activities as well. The common people began to understand literature by connecting it with Urdu, and the need to reach as many readers as possible through English medium in writing had also made a distance from Hindi literature.
How is Hindi Divas celebrated? (How to celebrated?)
Hindi Diwas is celebrated with great respect and joy in the country. Here respect is meant for that class, which has given priority to English in their common life, but on this day they can also be seen giving respect to Hindi. For this, social media is such a platform where you use your freedom of expression and use the language of the country as the national language. Officially, the National Bhavan also does not lag behind in celebrating this day. The President of the country honors the person who has contributed to Hindi literature, with this award, Hindi literature is still maintaining its existence with respect. Apart from this, national banks, ministries and some departments are also given awards related to official language. On 25 March 2015, some changes were made in the names of these awards, in which Rajiv GandhiThe National Gyan-Science Fundamental Book Writing Award was renamed as Rajbhasha Gaurav Puruskar, while Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Puraskar was also renamed as Rajbhasha Kirti Puruskar.