What is Tree Topology?

 Tree topology is a type of network topology, in which all the nodes are interconnected in such a way that it looks like a kind of tree. Tree topology is a combination of Star Topology and Bus Topology . 

What is Tree Topology?



Tree topology is used for placing the information in a proper form in a computer corporate network or in a database. It is an extension of Bus Topology and Tree Topology which can also be known as Extended Star Topology .

Definition of tree topology

Tree topology isa special type of structure in which many elements are connected together, but yes they look like branches of a tree.

Tree Network Topology is the simplest of all topologies Tree topology is not a commonly used network topology. But it is still followed in some circumstances in which there is only one route between two nodes on the network.

Hierarchy in this topology also has 3 distinct levels. Tree topologies are mainly valued for their scalability and troubleshooting.

The Hub in Tree Topology is connected to the Central Bus. Each node is connected to a point to point i.e. each node is connected to a concentrator or a hub. For the expansion of Tree Network, another hub and cable have to be attached.

examples of tree topology

Tree topology can also be understood with some examples.

  • Small sized computer network to medium sized computer network
  • B-trees
  • cable tv network

Tree topology in computer networks

Tree topology in computer networks is known as Star Bus Topology. Next you have been told an Example Network Diagram of a Tree Topology. In which the Central Nodes of Star Networks are connected to each other.

The main cable between two star topology networks . Failing that, the networks are unable to communicate with each other. The computer is still able to communicate on the same star topology.  

Tree Topology in Computer Programming

Different Types of Tree Topologies in Computer Programming Can structure data in which computer program also comes.  

Like it is a computer program written in Lisp .   

(+ 1 2 (If (> P 10) 3 4))

In this program it has been told that “if P is greater than 10 then the numbers 1, 2, and 3 have to be added or 1, 2, and 4 have to be added”. 

Tree Topology Structure is present under this. If we understand it as a graph then it looks like the tree shown below. 

It clearly explains how all the operations and data are connected.  

Programs are used in a special way in such a structure. Let us understand this with an example- Genetic Programming Techniques (Genetic Programming Techniques) can develop new computer programs after exchanging branches between the existing program structures in the form of trees.

Advantages of Tree Topology

Here you are being told the benefits of tree topology . 

  • In this topology a hierarchical as well as central data of the node is arranged.
  • It is easy to find fault with and maintain.
  • Tree topology is a combination of bus and star topology.
  • It is a very flexible topology and also has better scalability.
  • Leaf Nodes More than one node can be connected in a hierarchical chain.
  • If one is damaged, the other networks are not affected.
  • different types of it Supported by hardware and software vendors.
  • It has point-to-point wiring for different segments.
  • Tree topology is connected via hub/switch and has better security than bus and star topologies.
  • It is very easy to manage and maintain it.

Disadvantages of Tree Topology

We will know further what are the disadvantages of tree topology .  

  • In this the length of a segment is limited and the segment limit used depends on the type.
  • If the hub fails, the entire network fails.
  • It requires a lot of cabling.
  • Due to the large number of nodes, the network performance of Tree Topology is slow.
  • Configuring Tree Network is very difficult.
  • Tree topology is dependent on the main bus cable, when there is a problem in the main bus cable, the whole network fails.
  • If there is an error in the first level computer then the next level computer also gets surrounded by the problem.

Tree Topology in Binary Tree 

Binary Tree is also a kind of Tree Topology. In which each node has a maximum of two Children Nodes. Child nodes are classified as “Left Child” and “Right Child”. This type of data structure is used for sorting and searching large amounts of data.  

About B-trees 

B-tree is a type of binary tree. It was invented in 1971 by Rudolf Bayer and Ed McCreight at Boeing Labs. 

B-trees are self-balancing. Which means that the height of the branches is managed so that it does not grow according to itself. 

Each node has a key value that indicates the value of the child nodes. large data filesTheir design is optimized for handling and writing data to memory or disk.

They are used in database systems such as Postgresql, Mysql, Redis and file systems Hfs+, Ntfs, and Ext 4.

What is Tree Topology?

Tree Topology is a Network Topology. In which all the nodes are connected in such a way that it looks like a tree.

What is this topology made of?

Tree topology is formed by the combination of Star Topology and Bus Topology.

What is Tree Topology in Computer Programming?

Tree topologies can structure different types of data in computer programming. Including computer programs.

What did you learn today?

I sincerely hope that I have given you complete information about what is tree topology . And I hope you guys have understood about tree topology.

I request all of you readers that you also share this information in your neighbourhood, relatives, your friends, so that there will be awareness among us and everyone will benefit a lot from it. I need your cooperation so that I can pass more new information to you guys.

It has always been my endeavor that I should always help my readers or readers from all sides, if you people have any doubts of any kind, then you can feel free to ask me. I will definitely try to solve those doubts.

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