What Is Monkeypox and Why Should You Care ?

 The US confirmed a case of monkeypox in a man from Massachusetts who'd recently traveled to Canada, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Wednesday. The man was hospitalized and in good condition,

Massachusetts health officials said, adding that there's no risk to the general public at this time. New York City's health department also announced Thursday that it's investigating a possible monkeypox case.

Monkeypox is a disease caused by an orthopoxvirus, and the virus that causes it belongs to the same family as the viruses that cause smallpox and cowpox.

Monkeypox is endemic in West and Central Africa, and reports of it are rare in the US, but not unheard of. (There were two reported cases last year, and 47 cases in 2003 in an outbreak linked to pet prairie dogs.)

Pockets of monkeypox cases have also been detected in Canada, the UK and other European countries. Health officials are monitoring the newer clusters of cases – especially in the UK – because some of the cases haven't been linked to travel, indicating an unusual community spread in countries that haven't previously been impacted by the disease.

How is monkeypox spread?

Monkeypox spreads between people primarily through respiratory droplets, according to the CDC, but it can also be spread through broken skin or a mucous membrane (as in your eyes or mouth). Contact with bodily fluids, including the fluid or material in the lesions or "pox" someone with monkeypox typically develops.

Monkeypox symptoms

A monkeypox infection usually begins with flu-like symptoms, including fatigue, intense headache, fever and swollen lymph nodes. Within one to three days of a fever developing, according to the CDC, a rash typically develops on the face and spreads. The lesions, or monkeypox, will start to fill with puss, then eventually scab over and fall off

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?

Yes. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved JYNNEOS specifically to prevent monkeypox. Because monkeypox is so closely related to smallpox, vaccines for smallpox are also effective against monkeypox, and vice versa.

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The information contained in this Web STORY is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives

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